To behold Tuscany and its silky rolling hills, golden sunflower fields, its radiant vineyards, silvery olive trees, stone buildings, and the beautiful seaside coastline is certainly a feast for your senses. This region in Italy is rich in infinite ways. Many visitors come to Tuscany in search of art, to study its history and the beauty of the Italian language, to admire its magnificent cities and breathtaking landscapes, to taste its delicious products, cuisine, and world-famous wine. It is impossible to list all the wonders this extraordinary territory has to offer. The region of Tuscany is located in the very center of Italy. It borders the regions Emilia-Romagna to the north, Liguria to the northwest, Marche and Umbria to the east, and Lazio to the southeast. Tuscany’s capital is Florence, an extraordinarily beautiful city. Cradle of the Renaissance and one of Europe’s great art cities.
From Tuscia to Tuscany
Tuscany’s name comes from an Etruscan tribe that settled in this area about 1000 BCE: Tuscia, which became part of Roman dominion in the 3rd century CE. Tuscany went through several political and cultural changes in the following years. Great cities were built and flourished under the ruling of different powerful families, who fought each other over control of the area.
In the following centuries, supremacy was won first by Pisa and then by Florence, and the territory became the greatest center of Renaissance culture. After the rise of the Medici Family as rulers of Florence in 1434, with the family’s gradual consolidation of power over the area, Tuscany was transformed into a Grand Duchy. As political power changed during the next centuries, Tuscany shifted from Grand Duchy to a republic, a kingdom (under French rule in the 1700s) a Duchy, and finally part of Italy after it was unified in 1861.
Infinite Shades of Landscapes
The territory of Tuscany and its landscapes are as varied as its history, culture, and products. . From its breathtaking cities and villages rich in Art and Architecture such as Florence, Pisa, Lucca, and Siena. Its picturesque seaside area is known as Maremma, with villages and landscapes that stretch throughout the coastline, like Grosseto, Orbetello, Monte Argentario, Viareggio, Elba, and Giglio Island.
Silky Rolling Hills
Its famous silky rolling hills are filled with cobblestone villages and picturesque farms with prosperous soil, in which cereal, olives, olive oil, and wines are produced. Particularly in the Chianti area, from which the famous and celebrated wine variety takes its name: the Chianti wine. Furthermore, it produces vegetables and fruit, farm animals such as cattle, horses, and pigs. Tuscany has its own historical farm animal breeds, like the Cinta Senese which is used to produce cold meats typical from the area, like prosciutto, capocollo, and lardo.
From any angle you might look at this region you will be amazed by its extraordinary beauty and richness. You can enjoy Tuscany in every season of the year, the way its landscapes’ colors shift as the seasons change is truly something magical to behold and admire